Roswell is an affluent suburb of Atlanta that is renowned for its high standard of living. Roswell is ranked among the safest cities to live in the United States and Atlanta Magazine selected Roswell as the best place to live in the Atlanta Metropolitan Area. According to the U.S. Census in 2000, Roswell had a population of 79,334 and a total land area of 38.6 square miles.
Roswell is situated on the northern banks of the Chattahoochee River in a region that the Cherokee Indians once called the Enchanted Land. After gold was discovered near Dahlonega in 1828, the State of Georgia appropriated the Cherokee’s land and distributed parcels to bidders in a series of land lotteries. In 1830, a man named Roswell King who had been the manager of Pierce Butler’s rice and cotton plantations on Butler and St. Simons islands in Georgia purchased land for a cotton plantation between the Chattahoochee River and Vickery Creek.
In 1838, Roswell King transported about 75 slaves to work in his new cotton mill on the land he bought and one year later, he formed the highly profitable Roswell Manufacturing Company. A community of people developed after Roswell King built cottages for his mill workers and sold parcels of land to his wealthy friends from coastal Georgia who constructed magnificent homes for themselves, built a church and opened a school. On February 16, 1854, the Georgia State Assembly approved a city charter and Roswell was officially named.
After the Civil War, most of Georgia declined into economic depression that lasted through World War II. Population growth and economic growth in Roswell during the 20th century stagnated until Georgia State Highway 400 leading northeast from Atlanta was completed. As people moved out of Atlanta and built homes in Roswell, the city grew and prospered so that by the end of the 20th century Roswell had evolved into a thriving suburban city with a diverse economic base and a well developed residential community.
Real estate in Roswell
Roswell was selected as the Best Place to Live in the Atlanta Metropolitan Area twice by Atlanta Magazine, and USA Today rated Roswell as the third best place in America to raise a family. The estimated median home value in Roswell was $319,000 in 2007, having appreciated from $204,700 in 2000. The cost of living index in Roswell is 96.1 and the average population density is 2,296 people per square mile.
The value of real estate in Roswell is increasing because its close proximity to Atlanta, its excellent public school system, the thriving job market and Roswell’s upscale shopping centers all combine to create a high standard of living that entices people to purchase homes in Roswell. Buyers can find available single family homes on estate sized properties, homes in retirement communities, or custom built homes, condominiums and townhouses in master planned communities with amenities such as pools, tennis courts and golf courses. Roswell also contains an abundance of available undeveloped land in approved development zones.
Lodging, shopping, dining and entertainment
Luxurious lodging, discounts for extended stay accommodations and romantic bed and breakfast inns are all available in Roswell. Several well known national hotels with facilities located in the heart of historic Roswell also provide special lodging accommodations for business travelers. Roswell has nine shopping centers with food stores and general merchandise stores, and Roswell’s Historic District contains many unique specialty stores, antique stores and art galleries. Restaurants in Roswell feature classic Southern barbecue, gourmet cooking, steak and seafood combinations, Italian, Chinese, Japanese and other International cuisines.
Roswell is home to several historic homes and buildings that are open for public viewing. The Archibald Smith Plantation Home was built in 1845, purchased by the City of Roswell in 1940, and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006. In addition to the historic home, the plantation grounds include a guest house, slave quarters, a separate kitchen facility, a carriage house, a barn and water well, plus over 14,000 antique artifacts. Another historic property in Roswell also listed on the National Register of Historic Places is Bulloch Hall. Bullock Hall was built in 1840 and it was the home of Martha Bulloch, the mother of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. 142 different trees that grow on the property of Bulloch Hall are listed on the Historic Tree Register.
The Chattahoochee Nature Center is a private non-profit environmental education organization whose facilities are located on a 127 acre nature preserve along the Chattahoochee River in Roswell. Founded by local citizens during the 1970’s, the Chattahoochee Nature Center provides a wide variety of fun and educational programs to approximately 100,000 children and adults each year. Native plants and gardens throughout the grounds showcase the natural beauty of Georgia. The Chattahoochee Nature Center also contains 6 hiking trails, a butterfly garden, a living wetlands exhibit, and the Discovery Center where people can learn about North Georgia’s ecology and environment.
Owned and operated by the City of Roswell, the Roswell Cultural Arts Center has been a popular venue for musical shows, dance performances and many other kinds of cultural entertainment ever since it opened 1991. Dedicated to the performing and visual arts, the Roswell Cultural Arts Center features a 600 seat theater, an exhibit hall, an historical archive and a research library. Located in the Roswell Cultural Arts Center, the Georgia Ensemble Theatre is North Fulton County’s only professional theater company. The Georgia Ensemble Theatre produces comedies, dramas and lively musicals throughout the year.